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The 9 Most In-Demand Programming Languages of 2016

April 03, 2016
In this article, we will examine the nine most trending languages, which is likely to disrupt the programming world in 2016.


SQL is considered to be the top programming language of 2016. There are various database technologies like MySQL, PostgreSQL and Microsoft SQL Server that power big businesses, small businesses, hospitals, banks, universities. In fact, every computer with access to technology make use of SQL. For example, if you are planning to create a WordPress blog, you have to make use of MySQL as database back end. As you can see, millions of websites have been hosted with WordPress and they all consume MySQL. Moreover, Android phones and iPhones have access to a SQL database called SQLite and mobile apps use it directly. You will not know that apps are really using it but in reality they will use database in backend.

Reference Books

SQL in 10 Minutes, Sams Teach Yourself by Ben Forta
SQL: The Ultimate Beginner's Guide by Andrew Johansen
Sql Guide by Inc. BarCharts
Learning SQL by Alan Beaulieu


Java is the most widely used programming language, which recently celebrated its 20th anniversary. Currently used by 9 million developers and running on 7 billion devices worldwide, Java is also the programming language used to develop all native Android apps. The reason as to why Java is popular among developers is due to its readability and simplicity. I is used to power many popular websites like LinkedIn.com, Netflix.com and Amazon.com.

Reference Books

Java: A Beginner's Guide, Sixth Edition by Herbert Schildt
JAVA: The Ultimate Beginner's Guide by Andrew Johansen and Java


HTML enables you to create static webpages. But in real world, users should be able to communicate with the webpages.  JavaScript is mainly used to create dynamic webpages alongside HTML to create special effects to web pages, display pop-up messages or to create games with basic functionality. Nowadays, every website display some sort of JavaScript. If you happen to view the date and time on a webpage then it should be the creation of JavaScript. JavaScript is also used as the foundation of Node.js, a server technology that among other things enables real-time communication.

Reference Books

JavaScript: The Definitive Guide: Activate Your Web Pages by David Flanagan
Thinking in JavaScript by Aravind Shenoy (Kindle version free)


C#, originally announced in 2000 is a language designed and developed by Microsoft to build a wide range of enterprise applications that run on the .NET Framework. C# is the most popular language because it is simple, modern, type safe and object oriented.

Reference Books

C# 6.0 and the .NET 4.6 Framework by Andrew Troelsen and Philip Japikse
Microsoft Visual C# Step by Step (8th Edition) by John Sharp


C++, popularly called as C-Plus-plus is a general purpose object-oriented programming language based on the C language. Developed by Bjarne Stroustrup at Bell Labs, C++ was first released in 1983. Stroustrup was instrumental in the creation of several popular applications, which includes Adobe, Microsoft, MongoDB databases, and large portions of Mac OS/X. Many popular games are written using C++. It is also the basic programming language learned by students.

Reference Books

The C++ Programming Language, 4th Edition by Bjarne Stroustrup
C++: The Ultimate Beginner's Guideby Andrew Johansen and C++
C++ For Dummies by Stephen R. Davis


Python is a simple and readable programming language and is famous among kids and students. Recently, Python has overtaken Java to become the top introductory programming courses with eight of the top 10 computer science departments now using Python to teach coding. Moreover 27 of the top 39 schools now employ Python language. Coming to education, Python consists of numerous libraries related to mathematics, physics and natural processing.

Reference Books

Learning Python, 5th Edition by Mark Lutz
Python Crash Course: A Hands-On, Project-Based Introduction to Programming by Eric Matthes


PHP, originally created by Danish-Canadian programmer Rasmus Lerdorf in 1994, was used to create a set of tools to create his personal home page, thus the term PHP originated. PHP is currently used as a scripting language, which runs on the server to create web pages written in HTML and offers advanced features for both beginners and advanced programmers.

Reference Books

PhP: Learn PHP Programming Quick & Easy by Troy Dimes
PHP and MySQL for Dynamic Web Sites: Visual QuickPro Guide by Larry Ullman

Ruby on Rails

Ruby is a general purpose programming language that don't need as much code because of the availability of a wide range of third party libraries. Popular companies like Hulu, Twitter, Github and Living Social are using Ruby on Rails for at least one of their web applications.

Reference Books

Ruby on Rails Tutorial: Learn Web Development with Rails (3rd Edition) by Michael Hartl
Ruby Programming For Beginners: The Simple Guide to Learning Ruby Programming Language Fast! by Tim Warren


Swift is a new programming language for iOS and OS X developers to create powerful apps. Many reputed companies like American Airlines, LinkedIn, and Duolingo adopted Swift language quickly. According to analysts, there will be a rapid increase in the usage of Swift language in real-world applications in the upcoming years.

Reference Books

Mastering iOS Frameworks: Beyond the Basics by Kyle Richter and Joe Keeley
Swift Programming: The Big Nerd Ranch Guide by Matthew Mathias and John Gallagher
Programming Swift: Create A Fully Function App: Learn In A Day by Os Swift